Ian F. Hunt

Cinematographer and Filmmaker

By

Moving Image – Voices

An assignment for Bournemouth & Poole College. Student Films – A team project involving the research and development a short form video for presentation on the Internet and DVD.

[youtube.com/watch?v=vyvEwjB95sg]

Idea Development

1.1  Develop a concept of moving image sequence

Genre: Supernatural Thriller

The Hook (logline)

Dave a Serial Killer confronted by and judged by his victims in his dreams is found guilty and is dragged down and into hell.

The Synopsis

 

Opening scenes

Dave is sleeping fitfully at a table when he begins to hear voices. The voices grow more distinct and suddenly he finds himself standing at a lectern surrounded by darkness when a face appears before him. This is the face of his prosecutor and judge.

Main Character – Dave

Dave an ordinary looking guy, who is assumed from his appearance to be leading a perfectly normal life and to be working in a boring 9 to 5 job etc But he is in fact a Serial Killer who lives out his fantasies at night stalking the streets looking for his next victim. Six years later and he’s killed his 6th victim he now finds it’s easier to kill the 7th and now he’s up to 12 in just 7 years.

But he’s haunted by his victims who talk to him in his sleep until the night it all becomes real.

Scene 1

Dave has fallen asleep at a table it is a fitful sleep the voices torment him as usual their overlapping voices crying out and begging for mercy but they are impossible to hear clearly. Then there is silence until suddenly there is just one voice calling his name over and over again.

Dave awakes but instead of being asleep at a table he finds himself standing at a lectern in semi-darkness. The voice comes again from out of the darkness and then a disembodied face appears before him.

The face unknown to Dave does not give a name but begins to inform Dave that he is on trial for his soul.

Scene 2

One by One the faces of his victims appear out of the darkness in turn accusing Dave of their murders. Only the disembodied faces of Dave’s victims are ever seen and they appear to float in the darkness.

The verdict is guilty and the judge tells Dave that his soul will be collected and taken to hell.

Scene 3

New voices come out of the darkness darker and menacing. Hands appear from out of the darkness encircling Dave from behind and begin dragging him struggling into the darkness. A final cry from Dave as the darkness envelopes him.

An alternative end is to have Dave dragged invisibly into the darkness where the hands then reach out to grab him and drag him to Hell.

Fade to end credits.

******************************************

Voices – Script (First Draft)

Opening scene

Dave is sleeping at a table in front of his Wall of Newspaper cuttings showing all his crimes, his murder victims and how the Police are still baffled by the “By The Numbers Killer” – when he begins to hear voices. The voices grow more distinct and suddenly he finds himself awake and standing at a lectern/dock in near darkness when a light suddenly comes on and in the surrounding darkness a face appears before him.

Scene 1

Judge:              David Wake up – Wake Up David

Dave:               What’s happening – how did I get here – who – what are you

Judge:              David Tiberius Gregorshi you stand here now to face your accusers – to account for your crimes and to receive our judgement for the final destination of your immortal soul.

Dave:               I must still be asleep – I’m just having a bad dream – I’ll wake up soon and this will not even be a memory.

Judge:              This is no dream you are here to defend yourself – you are accused of the murders of so many people – each one an innocent victim chosen at random by you. Behold the first one comes.

Scene 2

Amanda:          I remember the eyes – no emotion – dead eyes – yes he’s the one who killed me.

Dave:               It’s not true – I’ve killed no one – it’s a lie I tell you – all lies

Judge:              David you have not understood why you are here – we know you are guilty of all the crimes you have been accused of – that you have killed all these people to satisfy your evil desires your only hope of salvation of your soul is the forgiveness of your victims. That there is some small hope that there is something good in you that will save your immortal soul from eternal damnation.

Amanda can you ever forgive him – to save his soul – forgive him for his crime against you.

Amanda:          I’m sorry but I cannot – I only met him that one night – and then there was the horrible things he that did – no I can never forgive him – I can remember every second of that night as if it had just happened – no I can never forgive – let him rot in Hell.

Judge:              Thank you Amanda – I’m sorry you had to go through this – you may leave us now.

Dave:               This is insane – I don’t need this  – I’m leaving – What the hell I cannot move – what have you done to me – why can’t I move.

Judge:              You have no choice – you cannot leave – a judgement must be made – you must hear from your victims.

Behold the next one comes

Mary do you know this man before you – is he the one

Mary:              I did not want to come the memories are too painful – yes he’s the one – he’s the one who killed me – may his soul rot in hell for all eternity.

Dave:               It’s not true they are all liars – anyway I do not believe in all of this – there is no Heaven just as there is no Hell – this is all a trick to get me to confess – but I won’t you see –  there’s nothing you can do that can make me.

Judge:              (The Judge turns to his left and looks into the darkness). My brothers have we heard enough or do we still need to call the other witnesses. (He nods as if answering someone although there is no sound)

A judgement has been reached –  my brothers and I have no doubt that there is no hope for you – you have shown no remorse for your actions – indeed I can even now see into your mind that you plan to go on killing.

Our judgement is that you will indeed suffer for the evil that you have done – that your soul suffer the eternal horror that is hell – the demons have been summoned, they will be with us soon – do you have any last words.

Dave:               Fuck you and your demons – I’ve told you before I do not believe in any of this crap – now let me go before I break free and do to you what I did to all those others.

Scene 3:

A Terrible noise comes from behind Dave

Dave:               What was that terrible noise – it sounded like the screaming of thousands of people

Judge:              They are here – the demons from Hell have come for you – they only wait for my word before dragging you to Hell.

Dave:               Wait, I’ve changed my mind – I take it all back – please don’t let them takes me – I beg you, just give me another chance.

Judge:              I see now that you realise the truth – you have no understanding of what awaits you in Hell – your imagination at it’s worst cannot even begin to compare to what your immortal soul will have to endure for all eternity – the time for remorse has passed there can be no appeal.

The camera turns towards Dave. The Lectern has gone and Dave is on his knees seemingly praying.

Dave:               Don’t let them take me – please, I can make everything right – please don’t let them take me – just one more chance.

Judge:              Demons – The final judgement has been made – follow your master’s orders and take him now.

Dave is grabbed invisibly from behind and dragged kicking and screaming into the darkness. Hands reach out from the darkness to drag him down into Hell.

FADE TO BLACKOUT

****************************************

Shot List – (provisional)

Film: Voices
Shot Order/Storyboard and Dialogue Ref
Shot No: Storyboard No: Dialogue Reference:
1 1c CU – Dave Wake up Dave – Dave Wake up
1c 1 XCU – Dave as eyes snap open
2 2 WS – side on shot Dave & Judge What’s happening
3 4 CU – Dave standing on left I must still be asleep
4 7 MS – Looking over Amandas shoulder It’s not true
5 11 MS – Over judge shoulder This is insane
6 11 Zoom in It’s not true they are all liars
7 11 Zoom out Fuck you and your demons
8 11 Zoom in What was that terrible noise
9 11 Zoom out Wait I’ve changed my mind
10 14 CU Don’t let them take me
11 15 to 16 Zoom out as Dave is dragged kicking and screaming backwards
12 2 Wide side on shot Dave & Judge David Tiberius Gregorshi
13 5 CU – Side shot of Judge This is no dream
14 8 MS – Judge facing David David you have not understood
15 9 CU – Judge Thank you Amanda
16 8 MS – Judge facing David and then pan to show Mary has appeared You have no choice
17 9 CU – Judge – turns head My brothers have we heard enough
18 9 CU – Judge They are here – the demons from hell
19 9 CU – Judge but zoom out I see npw that you realise the truth
20 9 CU – Judge but more side on Demons – The final judgement
21 6 XCU – Amanda I remember the eyes
22 10 CU – Amanda I’m sorry but I cannot
23 13 WS – Side shot over judges shoulder showing Mary looking at David I did not want to come
24
Cutaway and Additional Shots
25 ECU Dave
26 ECU Judge
27 ECU Amanda
28 ECU Mary
29 CU Dave side on
30 CU Judge side on
31 CU Amanda side on
32 CU Mary side on
33 CU Amanda hands in front of face – Crying?
34 MS Amanda looks away
35 MS Mary looks away
36 MS side shot of Dave being dragged
37 CU Hands on Dave being dragged
38
39
40

*****************************************

2.2 Research Content – Film Influences

The original inspiration for the Film Voices comes from an award winning Theatre production called ‘The Verdict is Yours’ produced by the Festival Fringe Theatre Company rather than from a Film. In the play the main character the man accused of murder is visited in his jail by the ghost of his victim. A trial is played out on stage with the audience acting as the judge and jury, deciding the fate of the accused murderer from evidence provided by a live prosecutor and the ghost of the alleged murder victim. The audience was left to decide whether premeditated murder was committed or was it an unfortunate accident? A key part of the original production was the magical appearance of the ghost who appeared to be floating on the stage.

Film Influences - Silence of the Lambs

Film Influences - Silence of the Lambs

Film inspiration comes from the iconic film ‘Silence of the Lambs’ the characterisation and visuals associated with and played by Anthony Hopkins. The idea that a relatively ordinary and sane looking man could have perpetrated such violent crimes. A serial killer and cannibal a terrifying idea and against the moralities of modern civilisation. The idea of making the Voices character to appear as ordinary as possible would add to the effect of  Film on the audience implying that no one knows who anyone really is.

For the trial, inspiration comes from the 1957 film ‘12 Angry Men’, the scenes in the jury room with a fly on

Film Influences - 12 Angry Men

Film Influences - 12 Angry Men

the wall camera positioning and zoom operations etc. The films narrative also offers ideas on how to develop the script for the film Voices.

Another influence comes from the 1990 film Ghost in the scene where the murderer of Patrick Swayze’s character Sam Wheat by the character Willie Lopez played by Rick Aviles who having been killed in a road accident is pursued and caught by the shadows (minions of hell) in a New York street witnessed by Patrick Swayze’s character. The scene ends with Willie Lopez being dragged backwards into the darkness and presumably to Hell. The sounds used in the film an angry growling type noise was particularly effective and it would be worth attempting something similar in the film Voices.

Film Influences - Ghost

Film Influences - Ghost

Another example includes the Film Franchise ‘Nightmare on Elm Street’ where there are multiple scenes of victims being dragged invisibly across walls, ceilings and corridors. A simple similar effect could be achieved by tying a rope around the actors’ waist and dragging him backwards ensuring the rope is not visible on camera.

Film Influences - Nightmare on Elm Street

Film Influences - Nightmare on Elm Street

In general the visualisation for the film will use many of the techniques familiar to Film Noir in particular lighting effects. The aim is to light sparingly as there will be little set and target lighting to the faces of the ghosts only leaving the bodies unlighted. This will give the effect that they are disembodied – voices only. Using the 1994 Film ‘Double Indemnity’ as a good example of Film Noir in particular it’s lighting which mainly concentrates on the faces of the characters. This effect could be achieved by using hand held torches; experimentation would be needed to see how effective would be including the possibility of mounting a light on the camera or tripod so that light only appears where the camera lens is pointing.

By

Moving Image – Storyboards

Storyboards


Voices – Short Film Project – Storyboards

2.1 Explain the function of a storyboard.

Storyboard example 1

Storyboard example 1

Storyboards are thought to have been originated by Walt Disney, the first examples attributed to the ones he produced for the company Laugh-O-Grams which he formed in 1922, although there is mention of an earlier storyboard example produced by Walt Disney in 1917 while graduating from Benton High School.

Storyboards have been described as an animation of a Video or Film, a blueprint for the whole of a Film. Howard Hughes is attributed as being one of the first pioneers for using sequential Storyboards in the Movie production “Hells Angels” 1930.

Many well known Directors started out as Illustrators and/or Animators for example, Ridely Scott whose Storyboards or Ridely-O-Grams, which maybe a possible reference to Disney’s first company ‘Laugh-O-Grams’ . Terry Gilliam is also another example of an Illustrator progressing to become a Director, both are well known for their storyboarding skills. Of course Animators themselves still use Storyboards.

A storyboard is fundamentally a means of putting down, usually on paper everything which the Director visualises in the scene. A series of these pictures will in effect allow the Director to convey to the production team the visualisation for the whole of Video/Film. I should say that Storyboards were originally produced by Art Directors and then Production Designers who collaborated with the Director on the visualisation for the Film. These were usually in-house designers and in the early years of film gave studios a certain style, but these days storyboard artists are freelancers engaged when required. Of course some Directors will have a preferred storyboard artist which they will use again and again.

Storyboard Example 2

Storyboard Example 2

Regardless of who produces them a Storyboards main purpose is in the pre-planning of a Video or Films sequence shot by shot. A storyboard shows what is in the picture; it informs the members of the Film/Video team what elements are required for a particular scene. Storyboards may for example include the number of people within a scene; the visual aspects that is mise-en-scene, or if there are any words on the screen. Colours may also be important, as will be references to lighting. Of major importance is Camera location, lens used (Wide Angle – Long Focus) and camera movement which can also be represented in the storyboard which in turn is of great help to the production designer in order for them to position for example walls in a studio set design. It would not be very helpful to build a wall directly in front of the cameras projected path, a  storyboard would identify this by showing camera movement.

As well as the visual aspects of a scene a Storyboard will include additional information such as the references to dialogue; voice over’s, the sound if any that occurs in the scene, the camera action, for instance a zoom, panning shot etc. There may also be references for post production, how the Director sees the editing process between scenes.

Key elements to a Storyboard will include the Title of the Film, the shot sequence and the timing for the shot.

Storyboarding is of particular importance when filming a difficult scene such as an action sequence where many elements have to work together to produce the required shot. The re-shooting of these scenes would necessarily involve more expense or be difficult to reproduce especially when say an object is destroyed in the process of shooting for example the demolition of a building.

The amount of detail within a Storyboard varies according to Directors personal taste, some use little more than stick figures, the barest of outlines and details, whereas some Directors use very detailed Storyboards, with many employing Storyboard artists to assist the Director in getting their visualisation down onto paper.

Technology is beginning to catch up and paper based Storyboards may become a thing of the past with software now available to enable non artists to produce detailed Storyboards from elements held in an applications library, examples of which include:- FrameForge 3D Studio.

Storyboards – Software

Storyboard Example 3

Storyboard Example 3

Storyboards – Animatics

Animatic example – basically this is a sequence of storyboards sequenced as a video with rough soundtrack, narration, music etc. See the example below.

[youtube.com/watch?v=M1uRncKY8DU]

By

Moving Image – Short Film Script ‘Homeless’

Short Film Script

Short Film Script based on ‘Childhoods Hour’

[youtube.com/watch?v=fs0rVRE89ZI]

Characters

Peter:              A 30+ homeless man and alcoholic looking at an early grave

Ann Charity worker caring for the homeless.

Opening Scene 1

‘Outside scene homeless man sitting on a step in front of a doorway’

(mid wide shot)

Peter a recently homeless man (not too disheveled) sits on a step drinking from a bottle in a brown paper bag or supermarket plastic bag. (Turn a Tesco Bag inside out.

(move to close up)

He looks directly at the camera and begins to talk about his past life and how he got to where he is now.

Peter:               I had it all, a good life, good friends and a girl I hoped to marry and I lost it all.

I’d always enjoyed a drink, just 1 or 2 after work, I could handle it, no problem and then the Banks screwed up and ruined it for everyone.

(Even closer)

Fuck the Banks and their greed.

(zoom out – back to a close up)

That was the beginning of the end, first the job went and my girl soon followed as the drink took hold.

But I didn’t care the drink saw to that, nothing mattered any more only the drink and where the next drink comes from.

(wide angle shot of doorway)

Scene 2 ‘Outside doorway’

(A women appears and crouches down next to Peter)

(mid close up)

Ann:                Hello Peter how are you?

(reverse shot)

Peter:               I’m fine, go away, and leave me be.

(reverse shot)

Ann:                We were worried about you; you’ve not been to the shelter for weeks now.

(reverse shot)

Peter:               I said I’m fine, now go away

(reverse shot)

Ann:                You’re not fine you look ill, have you eaten anything

Peter:               I’m having breakfast now ( raises the bottle to his lips )

(reverse shot)

Ann:                Look come with me to the shelter, have something to eat and get warm

(reverse shot)

Peter:               I’m fine, maybe I’ll come along later, now just leave me alone can’t you.

(reverse shot)

Ann:                Ok Peter but come soon. (Ann looks wistful and leaves )

(close up)

Peter looks directly again at the camera

Peter:               Interfering cow why can’t they leave me be, I mean if I wanted their help I’d ask them for it wouldn’t I.

I mean it’s not if I am alone is it, Dave’s sitting right next to me he’s all right is Dave always getting the drink for me and never touching it himself.

Sometimes he does get me into trouble when he steals or begs for the drink but that’s all right. He’s a good mate is Dave.

Peter takes another drink (mid wide shot) End Scene

Scene 3 ‘Office Location’

(mid wide shot) of office Ann looks directly at the camera

(Close up)

Ann:                Peter, yes it’s very sad, we tried everything we could to help him but in the end ‘I could not awaken’ him.

It’s very unfortunate but some of them just do not want our help.

Since the Banks caused all this trouble more and more of the people we see on the streets are just like Peter.

(Even closer)

Fuck the Banks and their greed.

(Zoom out mid wide shot of the office and Ann)

End Scene

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