Ian F. Hunt

Cinematographer and Filmmaker

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Documentary, Production Portfolio

Documentary Showreel

The first semester is completed and during that period I have worked on 4 official Documentaries and 2 Dramas filmed in the documentary style Cinéma vérité. In addition there have been several non assessed projects and of course several private projects.

This Portfolio or Showreel is derived from these, not all are represented, only what I consider to be the best examples of my work. This includes visuals that I think represent good camera work, movement or lighting and hopefully some that include all of these attributes.

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Magazine – Make A Documentary

make a documentary

Make a DocumentaryCoastal Path

Why not have a go at making a documentary? It could be easier than you might think. There is generally no script just an outline, there will need to be a shot list, there are usually no actors and you can make one with the minimum of kit, in fact all you need is your DSLR and a Tripod to get started.

Where to Start? Research an idea; find a subject that you think will be interesting both personally and to a target audience. Alternatively find a client who needs to tell a story. Use your Networks to find a project.

At University we are encouraged to work with external organisations to get experience of working on real projects and briefs.  For the London Olympics 2012 I was lucky enough to be working with Southwest’s Inspire Programme filming an Arts & Sport festival. Thanks to the success of that project I had the opportunity to work on producing a documentary for another project also awarded the Inspire Mark the ‘Weymouth Bay’ Coastal Access Project.Waves at Swanage Beach

As this is a client driven project the first thing I had to do was to meet the client and ask a series of questions, for example what is the project, who is going to want to see the final documentary and what are the key points that they want to get across. In many respects it’s the answer to who will be the target audience for the documentary that is the most important as this sets the theme. An example would be if the audience is predicted to be young school children then you will need to keep the language simple so that they can understand it.

InterviewsCoastal Path Signage

Chances are you will be conducting a series of interviews. You’ll need to prepare a list of questions that you will ask the interviewee, remember to keep these simple and make sure they are not closed questions. I always get the interviewee to repeat back the question so that the audience knows they are answering a question otherwise this would be confusing. Conduct interviews in an environment that they will find comfortable but balance that with production value. By this I mean if you have the choice between filming them in a garden shed or a Cathedral choose the Cathedral.

Always pick experts as your interviewee rather than someone you just met on the street, we’ve all seen the news reports where they’ve managed to find a member of the public who has no idea of what is going on but happened to be in the area.

Keep it interesting, think about the backdrop behind your subject, try and avoid plain backgrounds but at the same time watch for inappropriate objects in the shot. Film whenever possible in natural light, DSLR’s are quite good at working in low light levels but watch for noise and colour balance in very low light conditions.Coastal Path Signage

A-Roll

The A Roll is usually going to be the footage from the interviews or of subjects directly related to the documentary. For example if your documentary is about local transport you should show footage of Buses and Trains. The thing about footage of interviews is that generally there is only a limited amount of time that you can engage your audience before they lose interest; this is where the B-Roll comes in.

B-Roll

Basically the B-Roll is everything else. Generally it helps if this footage is related to the documentary subject but not necessarily. While conducting the interview look for things to film that confirm their relationship to the subject. For example bookshelves filled with reference books on the subject, certificates on a wall or maybe just photographs. You can also use B-Roll footage to show the passage of time for example the Sun rapidly setting using time lapse. Time Lapse is a good way of showing something happening very slowly in real time, for example over a period of hours or longer in just a few minutes on screen.

Don’t limit yourself to images that are only relevant to the subject sometimes something just works, for example in my documentary I managed to film some dogs playing on the cliffs and this arguably is the most remembered scene from the documentary.

Location filmingDorset Cliffs

For this my first foray into documentary I had to shoot on location, in fact several locations along the Dorset coastline. As I was working on my own it was down to me what kit I carried and to make sure I had everything I would need with me. It would have been great to take everything but climbing up steep hills carrying a tripod and camera would be hard enough but carrying anything non-essential had to be avoided. So what should you take? A choice of lenses or at least a good Zoom lens, some filters (graduated filters for landscapes), backup batteries and most importantly take lots of water to help keep you going.

A Tripod is essential when filming in the open and probably a substantial one is needed, most of the Tripods, which are easy to carry are going to be too lightweight to remain steady in windy situations. Although I’ve found you can sometimes get away with this by keeping the camera low to the ground or position it on something off the ground so that you do not have to fully extend the tripod legs. Standing to one side to block the worst of the wind sometimes works but not it the wind is coming directly from the front. Remember to turn off lens stablelisation when the camera is tripod mounted, you can hear the lens constantly moving and this maybe picked up by the microphone.

Location soundPortland

When filming in the open, wind is your enemy when it comes to sound recording. Even the gentlest of wind can create that booming noise on your soundtrack so protect your microphone from this by filming from sheltered locations. This is even more important if like most DSLR’s there’s no way of monitoring the sound being recorded. My own personal experience is that the dead cat wind shield on your camera mounted microphone will have limited success, they help to limit the wind noise but they do not eliminate it. This is even more of a problem when trying to conduct an interview in the open, remember the golden rule have the microphone as close as possible to the subject. I use a camera mounted Rode Videomic but this struggles when recording interviews in open air on location. I’ve since had more success using radio microphones or if your budget will not extend to one of those buy a cheaper Lavaliere microphone and a 5-metre cable extension.

Editing & Titles

Editing for documentary in many cases will be simpler than for other genre videos generally there is limited reasons for using any special effects a simple dissolve fade between clips does the job. My preference is to insert B-Roll video clips for transitions between clips of the interviews or scene changes for example  different locations. For this documentary I used video clips of sailing boats moving from left to right to provide continuation between the clips even though they are not sequences of the same sailing boat, it still works well as a means of carrying the audience from scene to scene and location to location.Smugglers Inn Osmington

Use music where appropriate, it’s unlikely that a documentary will need a music soundtrack, an exception to that maybe a Wildlife documentary. You may also need to record a separate narration in order to explain to the audience the significance of what they are seeing on screen for those clips for which you have no soundtrack from the interviews to use for this purpose.

Generate the opening and closing credits, it’s surprising how important this can be, take particular care not to miss anyone out. I asked the client to produce the list of contributors but I still had to add people or credit organisations into subsequent edits.

Another use of titles is to use these as transitions between video clips, which will also have the additional benefit of introducing the next scene or location. Handy if you do not have a sound bite or narration for the upcoming video clip, using a title can be enough to inform the audience of what the following clip is all about.

Contemporary editing practices call for rapid cuts between scenes and transitions are usually instantaneous not even time for a short dissolve.Rufus Castle Portland

Audience Previewing

Preview your creation to an audience; in my case this was the client. The client wanted some changes made which meant editing out scenes, changing the order or dropping more scenes in, which may mean shooting additional footage. If there’s no client involved ask a group of friends to watch and then ask them for their viewpoints afterwards, or ask them to complete a short questionnaire. It’s surprising what you may have missed especially after all those hours staring at the screen when editing.

Summary

Do your research – getting this right is important to the success of the documentary and make sure you have proof from several sources before committing to film. Getting the facts wrong will effectively make the documentary worthless and damage reputations including your own.

When filming on location check the weather forecast, travel times and facilities at the location. Be prepared to re-schedule for bad weather.

Get help, really this can be the most important decision you can make, an extra pair of hands to help carry your gear, hold a photographic reflector or microphone boom can make all the difference.

For your first documentary keep it short 15 minutes is a good target but be prepared, as for even such a relatively short time you will be shooting hours and hours of footage for the B-Roll.

Downloads

Download the orginal as a pdf – download Documentary

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Professional Project – Idea Development, Synopsis

Professional Project

Idea No1


Professional Project – The Charity Documentary, Synopsis

I have been asked by a local charity to film a documentary of the work they do in the local community. Part of the National Gardens Schemes they give practical and horticultural advice to people participating or wishing to become part of the NGS.

Every year NGS gardens across England and Wales welcome about 750,000 visitors. Most gardens which open for the NGS are privately owned and open just a few times each year. Some gardens open as part of a group with the whole community involved. The gardens give all the money raised directly to us (including from the sale of teas and plants); the only exceptions being in some cases they ask that a small proportion goes to a nominated local charity.

Japanese Water Garden

Our tradition of opening gardens of quality, character and interest is supported by our Patron, HRH The Prince of Wales.

Did you know that we currently give away more than £2.5 million each year to nursing, caring and gardening charities and we have given them a total more than £25 million in the last 15 years.

The National Gardens Scheme. Site Accessed 27/01/2012. http://www.ngs.org.uk

The central idea would be to follow and film one or more of the gardening experts as they discuss the practical aspects of their work for the charity at the same time featuring some of Dorset’s key locations, areas of outstanding natural beauty and some of the gardens that participate in the scheme. I would also like to film interviews with other key members of the charity if possible to discuss the good causes they contribute to in the local community.

Idea No2


Professional Project – The Olympics Documentary, Synopsis

London Olympics 2012

Fig 2.0 London Olympics 2012

Produce a documentary on the preparations as we countdown to the hosting of the London Olympics. Film in London key locations and attempt to show the overall state of the preparations and ideally get a Londoners view of the Olympics then contrast this with the preparations and the local viewpoint in Weymouth and Portland.

The idea would be to film landmarks that will feature as locations in the Olympics including any advertising and special arrangements specific to the Olympics in both London and Weymouth. Conduct improvised interviews with locals and ask their opinion of the Olympics and how it would personally effect them if at all and indeed if they are happy that London is hosting the Olympics or not.

Research

This was my preferred idea for the professional project. I thought I would need to do some initial research so I planned a visit to London to make a short video of the preparations for the London Olympics. I was to be disappointed, although I visited the main sites in London, for example Trafalgar Square, Westminster Palace there was no indication at all that the Olympics were coming to London. I couldn’t even find an advertising board for the event.

However I did make this short video to practice video documentary techniques in particular Observation Mode.

Idea No3


Professional Project – The Web TV Project, Synopsis

Produce a Television Program for Broadcast on the Web. The basic concept is to produce a studio based Television Show initial ideas are for a chat show or game show.

TV Chat Show

WEB TV

Fig 3.0 WEB TV

My first thoughts are to produce a show that is specific to Student Life and include an element of the current political situation involving Student Fees. Ideally I’d like to include a interview with a representative of the National Union of Students or a local representative most probably the current President of the AUCB Student Union and in counter argument Politicians from each of the three main parties. In addition recordings of outside interviews with students could be introduced and the guests could view and comment on these. I’d estimate a show run-time of 45 minutes.

TV Game Show

Dartboard Bullseye

Fig 4.0 Dartboard Bullseye

It would most probably involve more time than is available be to develop a game show format from scratch so the idea would be to adapt an existing or more likely a games show from the past and update this for current TV formats. My initial thoughts would be to combine a game of skill with a question to advance to a conclusion and prize. I thought something like Darts, that is answer a question correctly and receive 3 dart throws the idea would be to get a dart into each of the numbers in sequence 1 to 20 followed by a Bullseye to win.

Web Broadcast

With a show recorded the plan would be to deliver this over the internet by streaming it initially using the Universities internal TV network and also look at delivering the program over the World Wide Web using streaming technology.

Professional Project – Links to related Blogs

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