Digital Media Design


DRAMA, “Unrest” drama short film

Drama Short Film

Unrest (Drama Short Film)

Filming: 7th and 8th March
Director: Norman Gregory
Location: Parkstone Cemetery and All Saints Church Branksome
Camera: Canon C300
Lenses Used: Canon 24mm to 105mm, 200mm, 50mm
Walk through graveyard, Drama short film
Unrest short film was shot extensively using the Libec Jib and Dolly and apart from some cutaways using the Tripod every shot included some movement either tracking or combination of tracking, panning and tilt. Some of the shots had to be shot into the Sun I first tried to use the reflectors to light the actors faces but the angles could not be achieved so I used the Litepanel Lights.
The Tall Trees Drama short film
I thought carefully about the depth of field for each of the shots as it is impossible to focus while self operating the camera on Jib and Dolly, so for big movements I went for a small aperture to give greater depth and for less moving shots opened up the aperture to give a shallow depth of field while also considering whether it was appropriate for the scene. That is did I want to reveal or hide the background.
Gnarly Tree Drama short film
It was a very sunny 2 days, shooting early in the morning or late afternoon gave the best light but time constraints meant that I had to shoot with the Sun directly overhead, which meant finding shady locations or using the Litepanels as fill lights. This was mainly successful but not 100%, I would have preferred not to film during these times.
Man in denial Drama short film
Rushed through the setup of the Jib etc. in order to catch the early morning light and mist in the trees, would have preferred to shoot the entire Drama using this light.

Sound was problematic and lost us a half days footage, so I suggested that we would connect the microphone direct to camera and adjust levels using the cameras settings. This worked well and resolved the problem of poor sound quality.Woman reacts Drama short film


Professional Project – RELAYS


RELAYS – Regional Educational Legacy for Arts & Youth Sport


2nd Professional Project, working with Jo Gardner on the Inspire Programme. The Inspire programme enables non-commercial organisations across the UK to link their events and projects to the London 2012 Games in an official scope.

We’ve been asked by Jo to record the The Art of Sport Festival which takes place on the 4th May 2012 in Weymouth. This is a Festival for children from local schools and involving both Sport and Art activities. However as this date would be almost at the end of the Unit, 8th May we decided that we would also create a series of short videos recording some events leading up to the main festival. Our first opportunity to do this was at the ‘Mini Art of Sport Festival’ which was also hosted in Weymouth and took place on Friday 16th of March at the Wey Valley School (This would also be the venue for the Art of Sport Festival).

As this is a live event the majority of what we would be able to film would be outside of our control and for that reason a second camera was procured which Alek’s would use hand held to record cutaways and those candid moments that the main camera may miss. Unfortunately on the day this additional preparation went unrealised as we had technical problems with the second camera.


I’d already decided with Alek’s that we would interview Annie Hargreaves and Virginia Bailey for the documentary. I planned to use the first few 10 seconds of video and then using the sound channel only from the interview as a narration/soundtrack over the visuals we would be filming of the children competing in all the sport and art activities on the day. Although this was unknown to us at the time this would be our second technical issue on the day. For although we used a directional microphone the ambient noise level was so high high that it effectively drowned out Annie’s and Virginia’s interview.

Overall though the day seemed to go well and I managed to try some unusual camera techniques including holding the camera on a fully extended tripod over my head to record high level visuals. This is where my camera the Canon 60D comes in useful with it’s swivel screen which allowed me to view the action even with the camera positioned some 2 metres over my head.

Due to the sound issues with the original recording we arranged with Virginia to come back into the studio on another day so that we could record the interview again. We filmed Virginia standing in front of the Inspire Programme Banner in the DMP Studio. The footage is a surprisingly good match with the video sequences shot on the day and integrates well into the final video.


I created a number of edits, all of which I showed to the client for approval before going onto producing the final edit. Some of the edits required the removal of individuals from the footage as identified by the client. The interview soundtrack is an issue which can only be resolved by re-recording this in a studio environment which I intend to do as soon as Virginia is available.

I had to create a opening credit using the Inspire Programme sting (Supplied by them) and static images from RELAY , which I created using After Effects producing a video sequence. The final touch was to create an end credit sequence using the static images and logos from the various agencies and organisations involved in RELAYS.

The video above is my personal edit (the 7th edit in this project so far) and may not be the final edit to be submitted to  the client.

An important lesson to be learned from this process is to actively engage your client at the beginning of the Post Production process. I made the mistake of completing each edit to my satisfaction and uploading to YouTube for the client to review. This meant that I was repeating the editing process for each change and addition, effectively wasting hours of time rendering and uploading videos that were eventually superseded by the next edit. The answer must be to sit down with the client with the edits )in the editing application) and agree with them the way to go forward effectively finalising the edit before going to the final stages of rendering, uploading and/or burning to DVD. Unfortunately this is probably not an option in the real world trying to schedule meetings for this purpose, my own experience shows how difficult this can be.

Project Planning and Production Notes

  • Company Name: H&S Productions
  • VAT Registered: No
  • Project: Mini Art of Sport Festival
Type of Project: Digital Video – Documentary Production

Synopsis: To film the Mini Art of Sport Festival a pre event for the Art of Sport Festival in May 2012. Produce a number of short video sequence of 2 to 5 minutes or less for upload onto the Internet for embedding by the client and to produce a DVD for promotional purposes.

  • Arranged meeting with client to discuss the project and the clients requirements for the videos.
  • Produce a series of basic outline Storyboards and possible shot lists for the event.
  • Produce a list of questions to ask the participants on camera.
  • Complete a Risk Assessment and advance booked the equipment needed.
  • Filmed the event live on the day over a 3 hour period using 2 cameras. Canon 550D and Canon 60D.
  • I set both cameras to record in 1080p at 30 fps.
Post Production:
  • Produced 4 edits from the videos taken on the evening from both cameras.
  • Actual time working on these edits varied but altogether 6 hours for all 4 edits.
  • Edited using Adobe After Effects and Premier CS5.
  • Sourced a suitable music soundtrack
  • Created the opening and end titles from video and images supplied by the client

Budgeting Notes

  • Myself and Aleksandra would do all the actual filming and editing.
  • I would use my Canon 60D and Aleksandra borrowed a Canon 550D from a fellow student which was sufficient for this filming session.
  • For editing we both had access to our own MAC computers with Adobe CS5 installed therefore no additional equipment was required for this project.
Additional Costs:
  • We would use my car to travel to and from the venue.
Outline Budget
  • As we would carry out the entire production ourselves our charges would come under the £50 per day restriction.
  • There was no additional equipment required therefore no charges made for this.
  • Assuming 2 people over 2 days the total cost would be £200.
Actual Budget

Project: Art of Sport Festival – Rate based on

  • 1 days filming

  • 2 days editing

Director Ian Hunt £200.00
Producer Aleksandra Leontjeva £160.00
Camera x2 £280.00
Sound x1 £140.00
Video Editor x1 £140.00
Sub Total £920.00
Add 5% Overheads £46.00
Add 15% Profit Margin £144.90
TOTAL To be invoiced to the client £1110.90

Based upon this initial Budget calculation we would have completed the project and come in under the maximum the client would be expected to pay that is £2,225.00 with an overall profit of £1,114,10. This is assuming we invoiced at the maximum allowable and based on overall costs of £920.00 + £46.00 (Overheads) – that is £966.00 total costs.

Professional Project – Links to related Blogs

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Professional Project – London Olympics 2012

London Olympics 2012

Professional Project – Paul Oluyemi Great Britain Long Jump Athlete – London Olympics 2012

One of my original ideas for the Professional Project is to produce a series of short films, documentaries that represent the local viewpoint of the London 2012 Olympics.

An internal University email brought Paul to our attention and at the same time it was also suggested by our Lecturer Phil Beards that we contact Olympic long jump hopeful Paul Oluyemi who is both a student and is sponsored by the Arts University College Bournemouth.

Aleksandra (The Producer) and myself (The Director) arranged an initial meeting with Paul to discuss the project. That is what we were looking to achieve and of course to request his involvement and his permission to make a short video. To produce a short documentary of some of his preparations and training for his sport the Long Jump  during the run-up to the London 2012 Olympics.

Following on from this we had a another meeting where I discussed with Aleksandra what I visualised for this video. Basically the idea was to produce a very short video documenting a single training session for a Long Jump. Also to film separately an interview with Paul in one of the DMP rooms. Aleksandra came up with the idea that we should also film an informal training session on the beach which would provide a comparison between the formal and informal.

A followup meeting with Paul we discussed in more detail the parameters of the project and he suggested that we could film one of his training sessions at the Kings Park Athletic Stadium in Bournemouth. Paul trains six days a week, but we had a deadline to work to as Paul was heavily committed over the coming weeks so we had to move quickly.

Within a week we were at the stadium setting up the cameras for an evening training session on what felt like one of the coldest evenings of the year. The lighting didn’t come on until after 6.30pm and the test shots we tried beforehand although acceptable I soon realised would not fit in with the rest of the video footage as the light faded into night. So I decided we must wait until the stadium lights would come on, this way the light would be controlled and therefore consistent throughout the video shoot.

I set my camera the Canon 60D onto a tripod and Aleksandra used her camera, the Canon 550D handheld. The main shots were all storyboarded beforehand and so I knew where to position the camera for each of what I decided would be the key points in the Long Jump. These were the approach; the launch down the runway, the foot hitting the board, the flight and the landing. In all I guess we had Paul complete more than 12 jumps to get all the shots we required. On top of this we filmed cutaways for example warm ups, the raking of the sand, closeups of face and feet and son on. In all we were on site for 3 hours to get just slightly more than a minutes video.

Within a few days of filming I had a first edit to show Paul in order to get his approval, as after all Paul was in effect the client for this section of the project.

The next stage was to arrange and meet with Paul to film the interview in one of the sound editing suites, which we completed with a week of starting the project. We used my Camera the Canon 60D to record visuals and my Rode Videomic mounted on a table top tripod to record sound. Using this setup we avoided any mechanical noises from the camera getting on the soundtrack.

I then set about creating a second edit combining the 2 shoots, this can be seen above. I decided that I would just use Paul to introduce himself and then the rest of the video would be the long jump itself. I personally felt this had more impact than using the interview soundtrack as a narration over the jump sequence.

Project Planning and Production Notes

  • Company Name: H&S Productions
  • VAT Registered: No
  • Project: Long Jump
Type of Project: Digital Video – Documentary Production

Synopsis: To film a training session with a Great Britain Athlete competing in the Long Jump. Produce a short video sequence of 2 minutes or less for upload onto the Internet for embedding by the client in social media websites for promotional purposes.

  • Arranged meeting with client to discuss the project and the clients requirements for the video.
  • Obtain a release from the clients agent to be able to embed the video in our student blogs and for transmission on the AUCB internal iPTV Network.
  • Produce a series of basic outline Storyboards and shot lists for the training session.
  • Complete a Risk Assessment and advance booked the equipment needed.
  • Filmed an evening training session under floodlights over a 2.5 hour period using 2 cameras. Canon 550D and Canon 60D. I set both cameras to record in 1080p at 30 fps.
  • Filmed an interview with the client in studio approx 30 minutes. Canon 60D, Rode Videomic.
 Post Production:
  • Produced 3 edits from the video taken on the evening from both cameras.
  • Actual time working on these edits varied but altogether 4 hours for all 3 edits.
  • Edited using Adobe After Effects and Premier CS5.
  • Sourced a suitable music soundtrack

Budgeting Notes

  • Myself and Aleksandra would do all the actual filming and editing.
  • I would use my Canon 60D and Aleksandra borrowed a Canon 550D from a housemate which was sufficient for this filming session.
  • For editing we both had access to our own MAC computers with Adobe CS5 installed therefore no additional equipment was required for this project.
Additional Costs:
  • We would use my car to travel to the venue.
Outline Budget
  • As we would carry out the entire production ourselves our charges would come under the £50 per day restriction.
  • There was no additional equipment required therefore no charges made for this.
  • Assuming 2 people over 2 days the total cost would be £200.
Actual Budget

Project: Long Jump – Rate based on

  • 2 days filming

  • 1 days editing

Director Ian Hunt £400.00
Producer Aleksandra Leontjeva £320.00
Camera x2 £560.00
Sound x1 £280.00
Video Editor x1 £140.00
Sub Total £1,700.00
Add 5% Overheads £85.00
Add 15% Profit Margin £267.75
TOTAL To be invoiced to the client £2052.75

Based upon this initial Budget calculation we would have completed the project and come in under the maximum the client would be expected to pay that is £2,225.00 with an overall profit of £440.00. This is assuming we invoiced at the maximum allowable and based on overall costs of £1700.00 + £85.00 (Overheads) – that is £1785.00 total costs.

Earlier Video Edits

2nd Edit
First Edit

Professional Project – Links to related Blogs

Word Count 1159



Short Form Video – My Ideas for a Short Form Video

Friday 14th January 2011

Gangland by Ian Hunt


Dave, a big balding? tough looking man steps off the bus (Bus Stop) and walks up a darkly lighted street towards a small but brightly lighted Pub he pushes the door open and is immediately assaulted by the noise of people talking loudly and the music from the Juke box (or band) in one corner.

He sees his friends and walks up to the table where a seat has been reserved for him. He sits down and his friend opposite pushes a pint of beer across the table towards him.

While Dave enjoys a pint we cut away to a young man whose face we do not really see because he’s hooded, he has what is obviously a gun which he is cleaning and playing with, finally we see him load the gun and then he conceals it inside a folded newspaper. He stands and with his back to the camera he walks out of the door and onto the dimly lighted street. Mounting his BMX bike putting the folded newspaper with the gun inside his pocket, he then starts to ride on the pavement towards the pub.

Meanwhile Dave finishes his pint and takes his leave and makes his way towards the pub door when his friend calls out and offers to buy him another Pint


He declines and exits the Pub


He turns left and begins walking away from the Pub and meets the hooded guy coming the other way, the hooded guy still seated on his bike raises the hand holding the newspaper, there’s a flash as the gun is fired and Dave clutching his chest drops to the pavement, the hooded guy still on his bike looks down at him there is a second flash and Dave closes his eyes for good. The hooded guy drops the newspaper and turns and rides away up the road. (Final shot of the bikes wheel)

Alternative endings for decisions 1 and 2

1. Dave stays for another pint and we cut away to the Pub entrance where we see the hooded guy appear and look indecisively towards the Pub door until there is a noise (Police Siren) and the hooded guy turns and runs away up the hill.

2. Dave turns right and walks towards home, a car screeches to a halt beside him and 2 men get out they identify themselves as policemen and bundle Dave into the back of the car and they drive off.


For the Short Form Video the interactive element would be dropped and the shooting sequence would be filmed with the opening showing the Bus Stop and ending with the final shot of the bikes wheel.

I’d write a script for the dialogue in the pub which would inform the audience of what the shooting was all about along the lines of the dialogue in Heat and the pub scene in Harry Brown between Caines character and his only friend.


Two films spring to mind Harry Brown and Heat. Harry Brown a gritty British Film starring Michael Caine as a Vigilante seeking revenge against Drug Dealers who killed his only friend and Heat Starring Al Pacino and Robert De Niro for the scene in the Coffee House. Of course in this film the rolls would be reversed with the young wannabe shooting the established drug dealer/villain in an attempt to take over his criminal organisation, drugs market unlike in Harry Brown where it’s the young drug dealers who are taken on by the vigilante character played by Michael Caine.

Coffee House Scene from HEAT
Harry Brown


Principles of Sound and Video Production – Fairytale of New York

Fairytale of New York

Tuesday 21st December 2010

The Fairytale of New York Version

What worked and what didn’t – Fairytale of New York

That’s Lucky

Unlike so many previous filming projects we were extremely lucky, we had an excellent and committed team who worked very hard to make sure that we put together a good short film.

People that we had invited to come on the night actually turned up, in fact we got more people to come than had been expected because of the poor weather condition’s.

We were lucky that the Council refused us permission to cycle through the Bournemouth Pier approach as this helped to produce a surprisingly good film sequence of the cyclists dismounting their cycles and carrying them across the Pier Approach Although we were expecting this and had storyboarded them pushing their cycles past the camera the effect was much better than we’d envisaged..

We were also lucky that I’d made the last minute change to have a camera operated from the back of the car as the footage from this camera by far produced the best shots.

We were lucky in my purchase of the Flip camera just the previous weekend with which the final Flag waving sequence was shot as the Z5 footage was too dark.

Finally we were lucky with the weather, it rained continuously right up until just a few hours before filming was to commence and then suddenly it stopped and remained dry throughout filming.

That’s Unlucky

Ok maybe not unlucky as better preparation might have avoided some of these.

The ambient light was less than anticipated along our planned route for the cameras. In particular the GoPro was unable to work with the available light and produced little footage that was useful. This was a particular disappointment as we had the perfect camera position situated at the top of the cars open tailgate giving a very high viewpoint above the cyclists which would have given the opportunity for cutaways in the final sequence.

The Sony Z5’s were equally poor in low light conditions but this footage was able to be enhanced in Post Production although with the loss of some clarity.

The Glow bracelets although visible in the dark conditions they were not as effective as we’d hoped as they really needed darker conditions in order to show up and of course this would have been too dark for the cameras.

What would I change next time?

Whenever I have to film in the dark again some form of artificial lighting will be required, even if its just torches.

More preparation time and in particular more time with the equipment before filming just in order to familiarise yourself with what can and what cannot be done.

Cover the bases – I think this time around we had just enough people in the team but I think in retrospect another pair of hands to operate a camera would have been very useful.

More time – we were running up against a tight deadline throughout the filming and this meant effectively everything had to be done in a single take. With road barriers about to be closed there just was no time to reset the cyclists for another run with cameras located in locations for high angle and side angle shots which we had planned.

Research the market to see what the most popular keywords are being entered into Google’s search relating to Video’s and Music. Having done some research recently on Google’s Trends pages it appears that the highest number of searches are for Comedy Videos, Celebrities and the Economy.

What’s Next for Fairytale of New York?

Marketing, Marketing and yet more Marketing a Viral Video can only be considered a success if in fact it becomes a Viral Video that is shared by people on the Internet and on other forms of Media. Many company’s use some form of paid for Advertising  to promote their Video but this is outside of the brief for this project.

There is a considerable amount of footage including several minutes on the preparation of the cycles and setting up of the cameras etc. and so it is possible to produce a film of the filming off the Video Viral. Of course there are various alternative edits to explore, the adding of effects etc. If you look at my previous Blog entries there are examples of alternatives including a 30 second version and others with effects added. Also the Team members are also working with the footage and developing their own versions which when uploaded will also have the opportunity to become Viral Videos and will also have the benefit of testing the market to see what works best just by comparing the numbers that have viewed the video.

Fairytale of New York – YouTube general licensing allows me to use this music track (non profit) for this project and so in terms of marketing I thought lets try promoting this video as a music video and see how well it performs against the other edits.

This is a video for Google’s search terms for 2010

Google’s search terms for 2010


Moving Image – Voices

An assignment for Bournemouth & Poole College. Student Films – A team project involving the research and development a short form video for presentation on the Internet and DVD.


Idea Development

1.1  Develop a concept of moving image sequence

Genre: Supernatural Thriller

The Hook (logline)

Dave a Serial Killer confronted by and judged by his victims in his dreams is found guilty and is dragged down and into hell.

The Synopsis


Opening scenes

Dave is sleeping fitfully at a table when he begins to hear voices. The voices grow more distinct and suddenly he finds himself standing at a lectern surrounded by darkness when a face appears before him. This is the face of his prosecutor and judge.

Main Character – Dave

Dave an ordinary looking guy, who is assumed from his appearance to be leading a perfectly normal life and to be working in a boring 9 to 5 job etc But he is in fact a Serial Killer who lives out his fantasies at night stalking the streets looking for his next victim. Six years later and he’s killed his 6th victim he now finds it’s easier to kill the 7th and now he’s up to 12 in just 7 years.

But he’s haunted by his victims who talk to him in his sleep until the night it all becomes real.

Scene 1

Dave has fallen asleep at a table it is a fitful sleep the voices torment him as usual their overlapping voices crying out and begging for mercy but they are impossible to hear clearly. Then there is silence until suddenly there is just one voice calling his name over and over again.

Dave awakes but instead of being asleep at a table he finds himself standing at a lectern in semi-darkness. The voice comes again from out of the darkness and then a disembodied face appears before him.

The face unknown to Dave does not give a name but begins to inform Dave that he is on trial for his soul.

Scene 2

One by One the faces of his victims appear out of the darkness in turn accusing Dave of their murders. Only the disembodied faces of Dave’s victims are ever seen and they appear to float in the darkness.

The verdict is guilty and the judge tells Dave that his soul will be collected and taken to hell.

Scene 3

New voices come out of the darkness darker and menacing. Hands appear from out of the darkness encircling Dave from behind and begin dragging him struggling into the darkness. A final cry from Dave as the darkness envelopes him.

An alternative end is to have Dave dragged invisibly into the darkness where the hands then reach out to grab him and drag him to Hell.

Fade to end credits.


Voices – Script (First Draft)

Opening scene

Dave is sleeping at a table in front of his Wall of Newspaper cuttings showing all his crimes, his murder victims and how the Police are still baffled by the “By The Numbers Killer” – when he begins to hear voices. The voices grow more distinct and suddenly he finds himself awake and standing at a lectern/dock in near darkness when a light suddenly comes on and in the surrounding darkness a face appears before him.

Scene 1

Judge:              David Wake up – Wake Up David

Dave:               What’s happening – how did I get here – who – what are you

Judge:              David Tiberius Gregorshi you stand here now to face your accusers – to account for your crimes and to receive our judgement for the final destination of your immortal soul.

Dave:               I must still be asleep – I’m just having a bad dream – I’ll wake up soon and this will not even be a memory.

Judge:              This is no dream you are here to defend yourself – you are accused of the murders of so many people – each one an innocent victim chosen at random by you. Behold the first one comes.

Scene 2

Amanda:          I remember the eyes – no emotion – dead eyes – yes he’s the one who killed me.

Dave:               It’s not true – I’ve killed no one – it’s a lie I tell you – all lies

Judge:              David you have not understood why you are here – we know you are guilty of all the crimes you have been accused of – that you have killed all these people to satisfy your evil desires your only hope of salvation of your soul is the forgiveness of your victims. That there is some small hope that there is something good in you that will save your immortal soul from eternal damnation.

Amanda can you ever forgive him – to save his soul – forgive him for his crime against you.

Amanda:          I’m sorry but I cannot – I only met him that one night – and then there was the horrible things he that did – no I can never forgive him – I can remember every second of that night as if it had just happened – no I can never forgive – let him rot in Hell.

Judge:              Thank you Amanda – I’m sorry you had to go through this – you may leave us now.

Dave:               This is insane – I don’t need this  – I’m leaving – What the hell I cannot move – what have you done to me – why can’t I move.

Judge:              You have no choice – you cannot leave – a judgement must be made – you must hear from your victims.

Behold the next one comes

Mary do you know this man before you – is he the one

Mary:              I did not want to come the memories are too painful – yes he’s the one – he’s the one who killed me – may his soul rot in hell for all eternity.

Dave:               It’s not true they are all liars – anyway I do not believe in all of this – there is no Heaven just as there is no Hell – this is all a trick to get me to confess – but I won’t you see –  there’s nothing you can do that can make me.

Judge:              (The Judge turns to his left and looks into the darkness). My brothers have we heard enough or do we still need to call the other witnesses. (He nods as if answering someone although there is no sound)

A judgement has been reached –  my brothers and I have no doubt that there is no hope for you – you have shown no remorse for your actions – indeed I can even now see into your mind that you plan to go on killing.

Our judgement is that you will indeed suffer for the evil that you have done – that your soul suffer the eternal horror that is hell – the demons have been summoned, they will be with us soon – do you have any last words.

Dave:               Fuck you and your demons – I’ve told you before I do not believe in any of this crap – now let me go before I break free and do to you what I did to all those others.

Scene 3:

A Terrible noise comes from behind Dave

Dave:               What was that terrible noise – it sounded like the screaming of thousands of people

Judge:              They are here – the demons from Hell have come for you – they only wait for my word before dragging you to Hell.

Dave:               Wait, I’ve changed my mind – I take it all back – please don’t let them takes me – I beg you, just give me another chance.

Judge:              I see now that you realise the truth – you have no understanding of what awaits you in Hell – your imagination at it’s worst cannot even begin to compare to what your immortal soul will have to endure for all eternity – the time for remorse has passed there can be no appeal.

The camera turns towards Dave. The Lectern has gone and Dave is on his knees seemingly praying.

Dave:               Don’t let them take me – please, I can make everything right – please don’t let them take me – just one more chance.

Judge:              Demons – The final judgement has been made – follow your master’s orders and take him now.

Dave is grabbed invisibly from behind and dragged kicking and screaming into the darkness. Hands reach out from the darkness to drag him down into Hell.



Shot List – (provisional)

Film: Voices
Shot Order/Storyboard and Dialogue Ref
Shot No: Storyboard No: Dialogue Reference:
1 1c CU – Dave Wake up Dave – Dave Wake up
1c 1 XCU – Dave as eyes snap open
2 2 WS – side on shot Dave & Judge What’s happening
3 4 CU – Dave standing on left I must still be asleep
4 7 MS – Looking over Amandas shoulder It’s not true
5 11 MS – Over judge shoulder This is insane
6 11 Zoom in It’s not true they are all liars
7 11 Zoom out Fuck you and your demons
8 11 Zoom in What was that terrible noise
9 11 Zoom out Wait I’ve changed my mind
10 14 CU Don’t let them take me
11 15 to 16 Zoom out as Dave is dragged kicking and screaming backwards
12 2 Wide side on shot Dave & Judge David Tiberius Gregorshi
13 5 CU – Side shot of Judge This is no dream
14 8 MS – Judge facing David David you have not understood
15 9 CU – Judge Thank you Amanda
16 8 MS – Judge facing David and then pan to show Mary has appeared You have no choice
17 9 CU – Judge – turns head My brothers have we heard enough
18 9 CU – Judge They are here – the demons from hell
19 9 CU – Judge but zoom out I see npw that you realise the truth
20 9 CU – Judge but more side on Demons – The final judgement
21 6 XCU – Amanda I remember the eyes
22 10 CU – Amanda I’m sorry but I cannot
23 13 WS – Side shot over judges shoulder showing Mary looking at David I did not want to come
Cutaway and Additional Shots
25 ECU Dave
26 ECU Judge
27 ECU Amanda
28 ECU Mary
29 CU Dave side on
30 CU Judge side on
31 CU Amanda side on
32 CU Mary side on
33 CU Amanda hands in front of face – Crying?
34 MS Amanda looks away
35 MS Mary looks away
36 MS side shot of Dave being dragged
37 CU Hands on Dave being dragged


2.2 Research Content – Film Influences

The original inspiration for the Film Voices comes from an award winning Theatre production called ‘The Verdict is Yours’ produced by the Festival Fringe Theatre Company rather than from a Film. In the play the main character the man accused of murder is visited in his jail by the ghost of his victim. A trial is played out on stage with the audience acting as the judge and jury, deciding the fate of the accused murderer from evidence provided by a live prosecutor and the ghost of the alleged murder victim. The audience was left to decide whether premeditated murder was committed or was it an unfortunate accident? A key part of the original production was the magical appearance of the ghost who appeared to be floating on the stage.

Film Influences - Silence of the Lambs

Film Influences - Silence of the Lambs

Film inspiration comes from the iconic film ‘Silence of the Lambs’ the characterisation and visuals associated with and played by Anthony Hopkins. The idea that a relatively ordinary and sane looking man could have perpetrated such violent crimes. A serial killer and cannibal a terrifying idea and against the moralities of modern civilisation. The idea of making the Voices character to appear as ordinary as possible would add to the effect of  Film on the audience implying that no one knows who anyone really is.

For the trial, inspiration comes from the 1957 film ‘12 Angry Men’, the scenes in the jury room with a fly on

Film Influences - 12 Angry Men

Film Influences - 12 Angry Men

the wall camera positioning and zoom operations etc. The films narrative also offers ideas on how to develop the script for the film Voices.

Another influence comes from the 1990 film Ghost in the scene where the murderer of Patrick Swayze’s character Sam Wheat by the character Willie Lopez played by Rick Aviles who having been killed in a road accident is pursued and caught by the shadows (minions of hell) in a New York street witnessed by Patrick Swayze’s character. The scene ends with Willie Lopez being dragged backwards into the darkness and presumably to Hell. The sounds used in the film an angry growling type noise was particularly effective and it would be worth attempting something similar in the film Voices.

Film Influences - Ghost

Film Influences - Ghost

Another example includes the Film Franchise ‘Nightmare on Elm Street’ where there are multiple scenes of victims being dragged invisibly across walls, ceilings and corridors. A simple similar effect could be achieved by tying a rope around the actors’ waist and dragging him backwards ensuring the rope is not visible on camera.

Film Influences - Nightmare on Elm Street

Film Influences - Nightmare on Elm Street

In general the visualisation for the film will use many of the techniques familiar to Film Noir in particular lighting effects. The aim is to light sparingly as there will be little set and target lighting to the faces of the ghosts only leaving the bodies unlighted. This will give the effect that they are disembodied – voices only. Using the 1994 Film ‘Double Indemnity’ as a good example of Film Noir in particular it’s lighting which mainly concentrates on the faces of the characters. This effect could be achieved by using hand held torches; experimentation would be needed to see how effective would be including the possibility of mounting a light on the camera or tripod so that light only appears where the camera lens is pointing.


Moving Image – Storyboards


Voices – Short Film Project – Storyboards

2.1 Explain the function of a storyboard.

Storyboard example 1

Storyboard example 1

Storyboards are thought to have been originated by Walt Disney, the first examples attributed to the ones he produced for the company Laugh-O-Grams which he formed in 1922, although there is mention of an earlier storyboard example produced by Walt Disney in 1917 while graduating from Benton High School.

Storyboards have been described as an animation of a Video or Film, a blueprint for the whole of a Film. Howard Hughes is attributed as being one of the first pioneers for using sequential Storyboards in the Movie production “Hells Angels” 1930.

Many well known Directors started out as Illustrators and/or Animators for example, Ridely Scott whose Storyboards or Ridely-O-Grams, which maybe a possible reference to Disney’s first company ‘Laugh-O-Grams’ . Terry Gilliam is also another example of an Illustrator progressing to become a Director, both are well known for their storyboarding skills. Of course Animators themselves still use Storyboards.

A storyboard is fundamentally a means of putting down, usually on paper everything which the Director visualises in the scene. A series of these pictures will in effect allow the Director to convey to the production team the visualisation for the whole of Video/Film. I should say that Storyboards were originally produced by Art Directors and then Production Designers who collaborated with the Director on the visualisation for the Film. These were usually in-house designers and in the early years of film gave studios a certain style, but these days storyboard artists are freelancers engaged when required. Of course some Directors will have a preferred storyboard artist which they will use again and again.

Storyboard Example 2

Storyboard Example 2

Regardless of who produces them a Storyboards main purpose is in the pre-planning of a Video or Films sequence shot by shot. A storyboard shows what is in the picture; it informs the members of the Film/Video team what elements are required for a particular scene. Storyboards may for example include the number of people within a scene; the visual aspects that is mise-en-scene, or if there are any words on the screen. Colours may also be important, as will be references to lighting. Of major importance is Camera location, lens used (Wide Angle – Long Focus) and camera movement which can also be represented in the storyboard which in turn is of great help to the production designer in order for them to position for example walls in a studio set design. It would not be very helpful to build a wall directly in front of the cameras projected path, a  storyboard would identify this by showing camera movement.

As well as the visual aspects of a scene a Storyboard will include additional information such as the references to dialogue; voice over’s, the sound if any that occurs in the scene, the camera action, for instance a zoom, panning shot etc. There may also be references for post production, how the Director sees the editing process between scenes.

Key elements to a Storyboard will include the Title of the Film, the shot sequence and the timing for the shot.

Storyboarding is of particular importance when filming a difficult scene such as an action sequence where many elements have to work together to produce the required shot. The re-shooting of these scenes would necessarily involve more expense or be difficult to reproduce especially when say an object is destroyed in the process of shooting for example the demolition of a building.

The amount of detail within a Storyboard varies according to Directors personal taste, some use little more than stick figures, the barest of outlines and details, whereas some Directors use very detailed Storyboards, with many employing Storyboard artists to assist the Director in getting their visualisation down onto paper.

Technology is beginning to catch up and paper based Storyboards may become a thing of the past with software now available to enable non artists to produce detailed Storyboards from elements held in an applications library, examples of which include:- FrameForge 3D Studio.

Storyboards – Software

Storyboard Example 3

Storyboard Example 3

Storyboards – Animatics

Animatic example – basically this is a sequence of storyboards sequenced as a video with rough soundtrack, narration, music etc. See the example below.



Moving Image – Short Film Script ‘Homeless’

Short Film Script

Short Film Script based on ‘Childhoods Hour’



Peter:              A 30+ homeless man and alcoholic looking at an early grave

Ann Charity worker caring for the homeless.

Opening Scene 1

‘Outside scene homeless man sitting on a step in front of a doorway’

(mid wide shot)

Peter a recently homeless man (not too disheveled) sits on a step drinking from a bottle in a brown paper bag or supermarket plastic bag. (Turn a Tesco Bag inside out.

(move to close up)

He looks directly at the camera and begins to talk about his past life and how he got to where he is now.

Peter:               I had it all, a good life, good friends and a girl I hoped to marry and I lost it all.

I’d always enjoyed a drink, just 1 or 2 after work, I could handle it, no problem and then the Banks screwed up and ruined it for everyone.

(Even closer)

Fuck the Banks and their greed.

(zoom out – back to a close up)

That was the beginning of the end, first the job went and my girl soon followed as the drink took hold.

But I didn’t care the drink saw to that, nothing mattered any more only the drink and where the next drink comes from.

(wide angle shot of doorway)

Scene 2 ‘Outside doorway’

(A women appears and crouches down next to Peter)

(mid close up)

Ann:                Hello Peter how are you?

(reverse shot)

Peter:               I’m fine, go away, and leave me be.

(reverse shot)

Ann:                We were worried about you; you’ve not been to the shelter for weeks now.

(reverse shot)

Peter:               I said I’m fine, now go away

(reverse shot)

Ann:                You’re not fine you look ill, have you eaten anything

Peter:               I’m having breakfast now ( raises the bottle to his lips )

(reverse shot)

Ann:                Look come with me to the shelter, have something to eat and get warm

(reverse shot)

Peter:               I’m fine, maybe I’ll come along later, now just leave me alone can’t you.

(reverse shot)

Ann:                Ok Peter but come soon. (Ann looks wistful and leaves )

(close up)

Peter looks directly again at the camera

Peter:               Interfering cow why can’t they leave me be, I mean if I wanted their help I’d ask them for it wouldn’t I.

I mean it’s not if I am alone is it, Dave’s sitting right next to me he’s all right is Dave always getting the drink for me and never touching it himself.

Sometimes he does get me into trouble when he steals or begs for the drink but that’s all right. He’s a good mate is Dave.

Peter takes another drink (mid wide shot) End Scene

Scene 3 ‘Office Location’

(mid wide shot) of office Ann looks directly at the camera

(Close up)

Ann:                Peter, yes it’s very sad, we tried everything we could to help him but in the end ‘I could not awaken’ him.

It’s very unfortunate but some of them just do not want our help.

Since the Banks caused all this trouble more and more of the people we see on the streets are just like Peter.

(Even closer)

Fuck the Banks and their greed.

(Zoom out mid wide shot of the office and Ann)

End Scene

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